Know-how of Music Genres to Stay Musically Connected

What is music genre?

Music genre usually represents musical form or musical style. Originated due to the influence of culture or society, or evolved by the overlap of some genres.

Why it’s important to choose music genres to develop an understanding on music?

Music genres can be categorized as: arousal, valence and depth. Arousal reflects energy level of the music, valence represents the scale from sad to happy emotions, and depth suggests the level of emotional depth of the music. These musical variations are the factors which arouses interest for different musical genres

The Fundamental Music Genre List

Western Music Genre


Blues music, initially created by American African community, has the roots of African musical tradition. Originated in the deep South of America, the songs express feelings of sadness & melancholy. Famous 10 eminent blues singers have bee BB King, Buddy Guy, Robert Johnson, Bessie Smooth, Muddy Waters, Howling Wolf, Bonnie Raitt, Etta James, Eric Clapton and Stevie Ray Vaughan.


Classical music is the basic form of Western culture, which can be considered as Western Classical Music. Usually musical instruments accompanied in this category are flute, violin, viola, trumpet and piano. The classical era was dominated by three renowned composers namely, Franz Joseph Hayden, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Ludwig Van Beethoven

Electronic Dance Music

I am sure Electronic dance music or EDM, called as dance music, club music or simply dance, is popularly known by everyone. It’s basically percussive electronic music genres played for nightclubs, raves and festivals


Folk music can be referred as country music which evolved during 20th century. The music has been defined in several ways: music transmitted orally, music with unknown composers or music performed by custom over long period of time. Top 10 popular folk singers are Ben Herper, Bob Dylan, The Carter Family, Dave Carter, Holly Near, Guy Clark, Greg Brown,Gillian Welch, Cat Stevens and Ani DiFranco


Jazz music is a form of music genre developed by African-American communities in United Stated in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Again, due to local, regional and national level influences, Jazz has been modified in different styles. Typically, instruments accompanied in Jazz music are saxophones, trumpets, trombones, piano, bass, guitar, drums.


Rock music has its roots in the early 1950s , a style which is influenced by genres of blues, rhythm & blues and country music. Some of the variations in rock style also developed from Jazz, classical &other musical styles. Electric guitar, bass guitar, drums, vocals & keyboards usually are played in rock music.


Rap music or Hip-hop music developed by African American community in late 1970s. It’s basically a vocal style used over the beats in a rhythm. The rhythmic variations are usually created by instrumental or synthesized beats.

Hindi Music Genre

Classical Music

Indian Classical Music can be categorized into two forms – North Indian Classical Music called as Hindustani, while South Indian Classical Music called as Carnatic. Both the classical music is based on two elements – Raga & Tala. Raga expresses different moods of the songs and Tala maintains the rhythmic beat.


Indian folk music is varied because of cultural diversity in India. This style of music has originated from different types of cultural influence. Bhangra, Rabindrasangeet, Lavani, Dandiya, Sufi, Rajasthani are some major folk styles.

Pop Music

Indian Pop music can be popularly considered as Bollywood songs. It’s a mix of folk music as well as classical music with modern beats from all over parts of the world.

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